New India Education policy 2020- Key highlights
New Education Policy was launched on Wednesday, July 29. The Union Cabinet approved the policy that aims to overhaul the country’s education system. Union Ministers for Information and Broadcasting (I&B)Prakash Javadekar and Human Resource Development (HRD) and Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank, made the announcement on the NEP- 2020. Earlier in May, Prime Minister Narendra Modi had reviewed the NEP- 2020, for which draft was prepared by a panel of experts led by former Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) chief K Kasturirangan. The NEP 2020 aims at making “India a global knowledge superpower”.The new academic session will begin in September-October – the delay is due to the unprecedented coronavirus disease (Covid-19) outbreak – and the government aims to introduce the policy before the new session kicks in
1. More focus on vocational studies in school- level
2. School complexes to be used for adult education courses after school hours
3. Preschool section in Kendriya Vidyalayas covering at least one year of early childhood care and education
4. Free boarding facilities will be built - matching the standard of Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas particularly for students who from socio-economically disadvantaged backgrounds
5. Dedicated unit for digital and online learning.
6. National Scholarship Portal for SC, ST, OBC, SEDGs students to be expanded
7. Minimum qualification for teaching - 4 years integrated B.Ed degree
8. Higher Education Commission of India(HECI) will be set up as a single overarching umbrella body for entire higher education, excluding medical and legal education.
9. New provisions for children with disabilities
10. Education sector to get 6% of GDP, earlier it was 1.7%
11. Bagless days will be encouraged throughout the year for various types of enrichment activities involving arts, quizzes, sports, and vocational crafts.
12. The three-language learned by children will be the choices of States, regions, and of the students, so long as at least two of the three languages are native to India.
13. Wherever possible, the medium of instruction until at least Grade 5, but preferably till Grade 8 and beyond, will be the home language/mother-tongue/local language/regional language.
14. Indian Sign Language (ISL) will be standardized across the country, and National and State curriculum materials developed, for use by students with hearing impairment
15. The mandated content will focus on key concepts, ideas, applications, and problem-solving. Teaching and learning will be conducted in a more interactive manner
16. Curriculum content will be reduced in each subject to its core essentials, and make space for critical thinking and more holistic, inquiry-based, discovery-based, discussion-based, and analysis-based learning.
17. NIOS and State Open Schools will also offer A, B and C levels that are equivalent to Grades 3, 5, and 8 of the formal school system; secondary education programs that are equivalent to Grades 10 and 12; vocational education courses/programs; and adult literacy and life-enrichment programs.
18. Nutrition and health cards, regular health check-ups for school students
19. Preparatory class Balavatika for children below the age of 5
20. Tech-based option for adult learning through apps, TV channels etc
21. Boards may over time also develop further viable models of Board Exams, such as - annual/semester/modular Board Exams; offering all subjects beginning with mathematics, at two levels; two parts exams or objective type and descriptive type.
22. The National Testing Agency (NTA) will offer a high-quality common aptitude test, as well as specialized common subject exams in the sciences, humanities, languages, arts, and vocational subjects, at least twice every year for university entrance exams.
23. Students will get a 360-degree holistic report card, which will not only inform about the marks obtained by them in subjects but also their skills and other important points.
24. Importance of board exam to be reduced, the exam can be conducted twice a year
25. Students of class 6 and onwards will be taught coding in schools as a part of 21st-century skills, the school education secretary said.
26. E-content in regional language
27. There will be multiple entries and exit options for those who wish to leave the course in the middle. Their credits will be transferred through Academic Bank of Credits, said Amit Khare, secretary of the education ministry.